Oscar Wilde was an Irish writer and poet born on 16th October 1854 and died in 30th November 1900. He was born to parents who were successful Dublin intellectuals. He did several writings in the 1880s and rose to become one of London’s most popular playwrights during the 1980s. Oscar Wilde is remembered for his epigrams, plays and his imprisonment and early death. While young, he became very fluent in French, read Greats at the University in Dublin and Oxford. His rise was in the philosophy of aestheticism where he was led by two of his tutors known as Walter Pater and John Ruskin. He had extensively explored Roman Catholicism and later in his death bed converted to it.
Oscar Wilde published a book of poems and he was a lecturer on ‘English Renaissance in Art’ in the United Stated and in Canada. He had tried journalism and was busy setting out his aesthetic ideas to longer prose pieces published in literary intellectual journals. Oscar Wilde’s dressing style was flamboyant as compared to other typical Victorian styles during his time. He was profoundly affected by beauty himself. The public highly caricatured him and was targeted as of moral outrage within Europe and in America. This outrage he did with the writing of ‘Darian Gray’, a novel about the vice hidden beneath art, which was highly criticized in society. Some of his writings were controversial and brought much debate since they advocated pacifism, social reform and libertarianism. However, he made much success from many of his plays which were with wit and style. They inspired many other authors and were translated to numerous languages. These plays have also been adapted to stage and screen very many times.
After his graduation from Oxford, Oscar Wilde met Florence Balcombe his childhood sweetheart in Dublin; however she later got married to Bram Stoker. He wrote to her and later decided to return to England for good which he did in 1878. In 1881 in London, he had been introduced to Constance Lloyd a daughter of Horace who was a wealthy Queen’s Counsel. While she was visiting Dublin in 1884 at the age of eighteen, Oscar Wilde was lecturing at the Gaiety Theatre. He proposed to her and they got married on 29th May 1884 at the Anglican St. James Church which is in Paddington London. The Wildes preferred luxurious tastes even though their annual income was £250. They had two sons Cyril in 1885 and Vyvyan in 1886.
In 1895 the Marquess of Queensberry left his calling card at Wilde’s club which was inscribed ‘For Oscar Wilde, posing somdomite.’ Queensberry was later arrested since sodomy was a crime. Wilde was cross-examined for the moral content of his work and Queensberry was found not guilty while Wilde was arrested on charges of sodomy and gross indecency. He was imprisoned in Pentonville and then Wandsworth in London. In 19th May 1897 he was released but in poor health and requested for a catholic retreat which was denied. Oscar Wilde developed cerebral meningitis by November 25th, 1900 was injected with morphine; he was baptized by a priest into the Catholic Church and died on 30th November 1900.